The art of pottery from the Picenum area: digital reconstruction and color replication of vases found in the davanzali necropolis in Numana


Digital replicas of pottery, due to their many benefits in terms of sharing opportunities and visualization, recently became popular in museum exhibits, often introducing virtual expositions for pieces belonging to collections all over the world. However, the accuracy of digital duplicates plays a paramount role in the perception of shapes and colors, since the most minute feature could easily lead to identify unexpected clues of an object. This is particularly true of pottery, whose materials, manufacturing techniques and decorations have been subject to dedicated research throughout history. This paper introduces some of the specific outcomes of a research program, oriented to the quick digital acquisition, 3D replication and accurate visualization at the different scales of the Davanzali necropolis in Numana, a settlement of ancient Picenum (Marche Region, Italy).


Picenum pottery; 3D digital modeling; color acquisition for archaeology; digital photogrammetry

Full Text:




Baldoni V. (ed.). (2021). From Pottery to Context. Archaeology and virtual Modelling. Archeologia e Calcolatori, 32.2.

Baldoni V., Gaucci A., Zampieri E., Garagnani S., & Silani M., Il progetto Dal reperto al paesaggio: analisi archeologica e modellazione virtuale nelle necropoli picene di Numana (AN): un primo bilancio. In: Forma e Immagine, Atti del Convengo internazionale. Castelfranco Veneto, 4-6 dicembre 2019, in press.

Baldoni, V., & Finocchi, S. (2019). Nuove ricerche sui contesti funerari di Numana: temi, metodi e prospettive di ricerca. In Dialoghi sull’Archeologia della Magna Grecia e del Mediterraneo. Atti del III Convegno Internazionale di Studi (pp. 631-642). Paestum, 16-18 novembre 2018, III.3. Paestum: Pandemos.

Bursich, D. & Pace, A. (2017). Ripensando il «metodo Beazley». Ceramica attica e fotomodellazione 3D: il caso del Painter of Syracuse. Archeologia e Calcolatori, 28, 73-91.

Gander, W., Golub, G.H., & Strebel, R. (1994). Least-squares fitting of circles and ellipses. BIT, 34, 558-578.

Karras, G. E., Patias, P. & Petsa, E. (1996). Digital monoplotting and photo-unwrapping of developable surfaces in architectural photogrammetry. Int. Arch. Photogramm. and Remote Sensing, XXXI(B5), 290–294.

Mara, H. & Sablatnig, R. (2006). Determination of Ancient Manufacturing Techniques of Ceramics by 3D Shape Estimation. In Pan, H.Z.Z., Thwaites, H., Addison, A.C. & Forte, M. (Eds.), Proceedings of 12th International Conference VSMM Interactive Technologies and Sociotechnical Systems (VSMM'06) (pp. 349-357). Berlin: Springer.

Mara, H., Kampel, M., Niccolucci, F., & Sablatnig, R. (2007). Ancient Coins & Ceramics – 3D and 2D Documentation for Preservation and Retrieval of Lost Heritage. Int. Arch. Photogramm. and Remote Sensing XXXVI-5/W47.

Massarwi, F., Gotsman, C. & Elber, G. (2007). Papercraft Models using Generalized Cylinders. In Proceedings 15th Pacific Conf. on Computer Graphics and Applications (pp. 148–157). Maui, USA: IEEE Computer Society.

McCamy, C.S., Marcus, H. & Davidson, J. (1976). A color-rendition chart. J. Appl. Photogr. Eng. 2, 95–99.

Rieck, B., Mara, H. & Krömker, S. 2013. Unwrapping highly detailed 3d meshes of rotationally symmetric man-made objects. Int. Arch. Photogramm. and Remote Sensing, II-5/W1, 259–264.

Schonberger, J. L., & Frahm, J. M. (2016). Structure-from-motion revisited. In Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, (pp. 4104-4113). Las Vegas, NV, USA: IEEE Computer Society.

Simone, G., Gaiani, M., Ballabeni, A. & Rizzi, A. (2021). Complex process of image color correction: a test of a target-based framework. J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 38, 663-674.

Trinkl, E. (2013) (Hrsg.). Interdisziplinäre Dokumentations- und Visualisierungsmethoden, Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum Österreich, Beihefte I. Wien, Ö sterreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften.

Vak B. (2013). Auf der Suche nach dem Original. Anwendungen und Illustrationen naturwissenschaftlicher Diagnostik an attisch figü rlich bemalter Keramik aus der Antikensammlung des Kunsthistorischen Museums. In Trinkl, E. Interdisziplinäre Dokumentations- und Visualisierungsmethoden, Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum Österreich, Beihefte I. Wien, Ö sterreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften (pp. 41-72). Beihefte I. Wien, Ö sterreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften.

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Enrico Zampieri, Vincenzo Baldoni, Simone Garagnani, Andrea Gaucci, Michele Giovanni Silani

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.



SCIRES-IT, e-ISSN 2239-4303

Journal founded by Virginia Valzano