Industrial Metrological Technologies for Cultural Heritage


The work addresses the issues related to the survey of small-sized artifacts made of reflective materials. This is the case of a bronze horse, possibly part of a group with praying figures, kept at the MuVet in Vetulonia. Modern technologies applied during the survey phase encounter difficulties that are hard to overcome in this case. The topic becomes paradigmatic in terms of problem-solving and the adoption of ad hoc technologies. Reflective materials, in general, pose problems on the metric reliability of the three-dimensional model. Therefore, ensuring high reliability for small-sized objects becomes the crucial challenge in order to provide degradation analysis and make the processing details visible. In the case under examination, the representation has realized a reliable model with a deviation of around 0.05 mm, managing to represent the object at a scale of 5:1 with emerged details that were previously invisible even to a high-resolution photographic campaign.


Metrology; survey; archaeological findings; Vetulonia museum; blue light

Full Text:




Aiello, L. (2020). Le musée diffuse: stratégie pour valoriser les villages à risque d’abandon. L’étude de cas de Pitigliano entre patrimoine matériel et immatériel. In S. Mecca (Ed.), Villages et quartiers à risque d’abandon: stratégies pour la connaissance, la valorisation et la restauration (pp. 48-60). Firenze, Italy: Didapress.

Apollonio, F.I., Fantini, F., Garagnani, S., & Gaiani, M. (2021). A Photogrammetry-Based Workflow for the Accurate 3D Construction and Visualization of Museums Assets. Remote Sens., 13 (486), 1-39.

Cirafici, A., Langella, C., & de Vita, O. (2022). AURA_ a media device for new narration spaces in museum contexts. SCIRES-IT - SCIentific RESearch and Information Technology, 12(1), 133-150.

Clini, P., & Quattrini, R. (2021). Editorial. Digital Cultural Heritage, arts reproduction and museum systems. Languages and techniques in a Covid and post‐covid scenario for new forms of heritage against the silence of a fragile culture. SCIRES-IT - SCIentific RESearch and Information Technology, 11(1), 1-10.

Di Blasio, M., & Di Blasio, R. (1983). Constructing a Cultural Context through Museum Storytelling. Roundtable Reports, 8 (3), 7-9.

Direzione generale dei Musei – MIBAC (2019). Piano Triennale per la Digitalizzazione e l’Innovazione dei Musei.

Fiorio, M. T. (2011). Il museo nella storia. Dallo “studiolo” alla raccolta pubblica. Milano, Italy: Mondadori.

Gabellone, F. (2014). Approcci metodologici per una fruizione virtuale e arricchita dei Beni Culturali. ARKOS: Scienza, restauro, valorizzazione, V (5-6), 7-18.

GOM Metrology: 3D scanner a luce strutturata ATOS-Q. Retrieved from

Grassigli, G. L., & Rafanelli, S. (2019). La Domus “Dei Dolia” Nel Quartiere Di Poggiarello Renzetti a Vetulonia (Gr). Bollettino Di Archeologia On Line. Direzione Generale Archeologia, Belle Arti e Paesaggio, X (1-2), 169-191. Retrieved from

International Council of Museum – ICOM Italy (2014). Proposta il 7/7/2014. La Carta di Siena - Musei e Paesaggi culturali.

International Council of Museum – ICOM Paris France (2017). Statutes 9th June 2017. Art.3 para.1.

International Council on Monuments and Sites – ICOMOS (2017). 19th ICOMOS General Assembly in New Delhi, December 2017. Principles of Seville. International principles of virtual archaeology. Lai, J.-Y., Wu, T.-C.; Phothong, W., Wang, D.W., Liao, C.-Y., Lee, & J.-Y. (2018). A High-Resolution Texture Mapping Technique for 3D Textured Model. Applied Sciences, 8 (11), pp. 1-22. Lecci, N., Prodi F., Trovatelli, F., & Vezzi, A. (2019). Experiencing Heritage Dynamic Through Visualization. The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, XLII- 2/W11, 715-719.

Lecci, N., & Vezzi, A. (2022). Raccontare i reperti archeologici: un video olografico per la stele di “(a)vele feluske’’. In C. Battini & E. Bistagnino (Eds.), Atti del 43° Convegno Internazionale dei Docenti delle Discipline della Rappresentazione: Dialoghi. Visioni e visualità (pp. 1628-1643). Milano, Italy: Franco Angeli.

Ministero della Cultura – MIC (2022-2023). Piano Nazionale di Digitalizzazione Del Patrimonio Culturale. Nicolae, C., E. Nocerino, Menna, F., & Remondino, F. (2014). Photogrammetry Applied to Problematic Artefacts. In ISPRS International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Science, XL-5, 451-456.

Stefanini, B., & Vezzi, A. (2021). Strategie di musealizzazione dinamica per nuovi ambiti di memoria: il progetto DHoMus. In A. Arena, M. Arena, D. Mediati & P. Raffa (Eds.), Atti del 42° Convegno Internazionale dei Docenti delle Discipline della Rappresentazione: Connettere. Un disegno per annodare e tessere. Linguaggi Distanze Tecnologie (pp 2722-2739). Milano, Italy: Franco Angeli. Zhang, S. (2018). High-speed 3D shape measurement with structured light methods: A review. Optics and Lasers in Engineering, 106, 119-131.

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Cecilia M. R. Luschi, Alessandra Vezzi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.



SCIRES-IT, e-ISSN 2239-4303

Journal founded by Virginia Valzano